The Best of Bach

Posted by By at 28 March, at 03 : 32 AM Print

Tracklist:
1. Tocata e Fuga em Ré Menor, BWV 565
2. Cantata nº 51, “Jauchzet Gott In Allen Landen”, BWV 51
3. Cantata nº 140, “Wachet Auf”, BWV 140
4. Concerto de Brandenburgo nº 4, BWV 1049 (I. Allegro)
5. Ária na Corda Sol da Suíte nº 3, BWV 1068
6. Concerto para Cravo nº 1 em Ré Menor, BWV 1052 (I. Allegro)
7. Cantata nº 208, “Sheep May Safely Graze”, BWV 208
Suíte nº 2 em Si Menor para Flauta, BWV 1067
8. Polonaise
9. Minueto
10. Badinerie
11. Cantata nº 147, “Jesus Alegria dos Homens”, BWV 147
12. Concerto de Brandenburgo nº 2, BWV 1047(III. Allegro Assai)
CONCERTO DE BRANDEMBURGO N° 3, EM SOL MAIOR, BWV 1048
13. Allegro
14. Cadenza
15. Allegro
CONCERTO DE BRANDEMBURGO N° 5, EM RÉ MAIOR, BWV 1050
16. Allegro
17. Affettuoso
18. Allegro
CONCERTO EM RÉ MENOR PARA CRAVO E ORQUESTRA, BWV 1052
19. Allegro
20. Adagio
21. Allegro
CONCERTO EM DÓ MENOR PARA OBOÉ, VIOLINO E ORQUESTRA, BWV 1060
22. Allegro
23. Adagio
24. Allegro
25. TOCATA E FUGA EM RÉ MENOR PARA ÓRGÃO, BWV 565

Biography

Bach’s Family Background:

Bach’s father, Johann Ambrosius, married Maria Elisabeth Lämmerhirt on April 8, 1668. They had eight children, five of which survived; Johann Sebastian (the youngest), his three brothers and his sister. Bach’s father worked as a houseman and a musician in the ducal court of Saxe-Eisenach. Bach’s mother died in 1694 and a few months later, Bach’s father married Barbara Margaretha. Unfortunately, three months into his second marriage, he died of a serious illness.

Childhood:

When Bach was 9 years old, he attended his oldest brother’s (Johann Christoph) wedding where he met Johann Pachelbel, composer of the famous Pachelbel Canon. When Bach’s father died, he and his brother were adopted by Christoph. Christoph was an organist at St. Michaels church in Ohrdruf. Bach received his first lessons in organ from Christoph, but became “a pure and strong fuguist” by himself.

Teenage Years:

Bach attended Lyceum until 1700. While at Lyceum, he learned reading, writing, arithmetic, singing, history, natural science, and religion. He was forth in his class when he finished his schooling. He then left school and went to Lüneburg. Bach learned a bit about organ building while staying with his brother in Ohrdruf; due entirely to the frequent repairs of the church organs.

Early Adult Years:

In 1707, Bach was hired to play for special services at a church in Mühlhausen; Bach composed the music in which he was to play. Shortly there after, his uncle died and left him 50 gulden. This provided him with enough money to marry Maria Barbara. In 1708, Bach received and accepted a job offering with a higher salary from the Duke of Weimar, Wilhelm Ernst, to play in his court.

Mid Adult Years:

While in Weimar, Bach was appointed court organist, and it is supposed that he wrote much of his organ music there. Much to the Dukes liking, along with Bach’s salary increases, he earned the title of Konzertmeister (concert master). Six of Bach’s children were born in Weimar. After seeking the more prestigious title of Kappelmeister (chapel master), he accepted an offer from Prince Leopold of Cöthen in 1717.

Late Adult Years:

After his days in Cöthen, Bach accepted the job as Kantor at the Thomasschule. He was in charge of arranging the music of the four main churches in the town. Bach became extremely involved and composed much of his music in Leipzig. Bach spent the rest of his days there and in 1750, he died of a stroke.

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