Carlo Gesualdo, Prince of Venosa (1566–1613), was not only a composer but also a nobleman, infamous for his tumultuous life and revolutionary music. Here are ten intriguing facts about this enigmatic figure: 1 - Noble Origins: Carlo Gesualdo was born into one of the wealthiest and most powerful families in Italy. His title, Prince of Venosa, was inherited from his father, who ruled the small principality of Venosa.