Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (27 April [O.S. 15 April] 1891 – 5 March 1953) was a Russian Soviet composer, pianist and conductor. As the creator of acknowledged masterpieces across numerous music genres, he is regarded as one of the major composers of the 20th century. His works include such widely heard pieces as the March from The Love for Three Oranges, the suite Lieutenant Kijé, the ballet Romeo and Juliet—from which "Dance of the Knights" is taken—and Peter and the Wolf. Of the established forms and genres in which he worked, he created – excluding juvenilia – seven completed operas, seven symphonies, eight ballets, five piano concertos, two violin concertos, a cello concerto, a symphony-concerto for cello and orchestra, and nine completed piano sonatas. A graduate of the Saint Petersburg Conservatory, Prokofiev initially made his name as an iconoclastic composer-pianist, achieving notoriety with a series of ferociously dissonant and virtuosic works for his instrument, including his first two piano concertos. In 1915, Prokofiev made a decisive break from the standard composer-pianist category with his orchestral Scythian Suite, compiled from music originally composed for a ballet commissioned by Sergei Diaghilev of the Ballets Russes. Diaghilev commissioned three further ballets from Prokofiev—Chout, Le pas d'acier and The Prodigal Son—which at the time of their original production all caused a sensation among both critics and colleagues. Prokofiev's greatest interest, however, was opera, and he composed several works in that genre, including The Gambler and The Fiery Angel. Prokofiev's one operatic success during his lifetime was The Love for Three Oranges, composed for the Chicago Opera and subsequently performed over the following decade in Europe and Russia. After the Revolution of 1917, Prokofiev left Russia with the official blessing of the Soviet minister Anatoly Lunacharsky, and resided in the United States, then Germany, then Paris, making his living as a composer, pianist and conductor. During that time, he married a Spanish singer, Carolina (Lina) Codina, with whom he had two sons. In the early 1930s, the Great Depression diminished opportunities for Prokofiev's ballets and operas to be staged in America and western Europe. Prokofiev, who regarded himself as composer foremost, resented the time taken by touring as a pianist, and increasingly turned to the Soviet Union for commissions of new music; in 1936, he finally returned to his homeland with his family. He enjoyed some success there – notably with Lieutenant Kijé, Peter and the Wolf, Romeo and Juliet, and perhaps above all with Alexander Nevsky. The Nazi invasion of the USSR spurred him to compose his most ambitious work, an operatic version of Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace. In 1948, Prokofiev was attacked for producing "anti-democratic formalism." Nevertheless, he enjoyed personal and artistic support from a new generation of Russian performers, notably Sviatoslav Richter and Mstislav Rostropovich: he wrote his ninth piano sonata for the former and his Symphony-Concerto for the latter. Serguei Prokofiev Tracklist: Romeu e Julieta (Trechos das Suítes Nº 1 e 2) 1. Montecchios e Capulettos 2. A Jovem Julieta 3. Frei Lorenzo 4. Dança do Amanhecer 5. Minueto 6. Máscaras 7. Morte de Tibaldo 8. Dança 9. Romeu Diante do Cadáver de Julieta Sinfonia Nº 1, OP. 25, "Clássica" 10. Allegro 11. Larghetto 12. Gavotta. Non Troppo. Allegro 13. Finale. Molto Vivace Suíte Sinfônica , OP. 60, "O Tenente Kijé" 14. O Nascimento de Kijé 15. O Romance de Kijé 16. O Casamento de Kijé 17. A Tróica 18. O Enterro de Kijé Royal Philharmonic Orchestra For more: #MusicHistory #ClassicalMusic #Prokofiev
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky ComSE (17 June [O.S. 5 June] 1882 – 6 April 1971) was a Russian-born composer, pianist, and conductor. He is widely considered one of the most important and influential composers of the 20th century. Stravinsky's compositional career was notable for its stylistic diversity. He first achieved international fame with three ballets commissioned by the impresario Serge Diaghilev and first performed in Paris by Diaghilev's Ballets Russes: The Firebird (1910), Petrushka (1911), and The Rite of Spring (1913). The latter transformed the way in which subsequent composers thought about rhythmic structure and was largely responsible for Stravinsky's enduring reputation as a musical revolutionary who pushed the boundaries of musical design. His "Russian phase" which continued with works such as Renard, the Soldier's Tale and Les Noces, was followed in the 1920s by a period in which he turned to neoclassicism. The works from this period tended to make use of traditional musical forms (concerto grosso, fugue and symphony), drawing on earlier styles, especially from the 18th century. In the 1950s, Stravinsky adopted serial procedures. His compositions of this period shared traits with examples of his earlier output: rhythmic energy, the construction of extended melodic ideas out of a few two- or three-note cells and clarity of form, and of instrumentation. Ígor Stravinsky Tracklist: A Sagração da Primavera Primeira Parte: A Adoração da Terra 1. Introdução 2. Augúrios de Primavera / Dança das Adolescentes 3. Jogo do Rapto 4. Rondas da Primavera 5. Jogos das Tribos Rivais 6. Procissão do Sábio 7. O Sábio 8. Dança da Terra Segunda Parte: O Sacrifício 9. Introdução 10. Círculos Místicos das Adolescentes 11. Glorificação da Eleita 12. Evocação dos Ancestrais 13. Ação Ritual dos Ancestrais 14. Dança do Sacrifício. A Eleita O Pássaro de Fogo (Suíte, 1945) 15. Introdução 16. Prelúdio e Dança 17. Variações 18. Pantomima I 19. Pas-De-Deux 20. Pantomima II 21. Scherzo 22. Pantomima III. Rondó 23. Dança Infernal 24. Canção de Ninar 25. Hino Final For more: #MusicHistory #ClassicalMusic #Stravinsky